Certified safe for biogas applications
OXYGEN Availability of Oxygen
Biogas collection systems typically are designed
to exclude free oxygen.
There is insufficient oxygen available for combustion to occur.
FUEL Concentration of Flammable Material
In the case of biogas mixtures – When there is
less than 5% methane in the gas mixture, the gas is too lean to burn. When there is more than 15% methane in the gas mixture, the gas is too rich to burn.
Most biogas applications run between 40 and 70 percent methane.
There is too much methane in the process for combustion to occur.
HEAT Heat to Initiate Reaction
Methane gas must reach 530ºC before auto-ignition can occur.
In operation, the 454FTB-WGF has an effective overheat temperature of 300ºC.
Combined with a maximum allowable process temperature of 120ºC for a total maximum sensor temperature of 420ºC or 26% below the minimum auto-ignition temperature of methane.
The 454FTB-WGF cannot initiate sufficient heat for combustion under any biogas mixture.
SUSTAINABILITY Available Energy to Sustain Combustion
The fourth component required to cause an explosion is the ability to sustain the auto-ignition. There must be a large enough energy source to sustain combustion.
The three primary components must continue to sustain a chain reaction to create an explosion. Removing one of the primary components eliminates the possibility of fire.
The lack of oxygen, a fuel source that is too rich, a heated device that is way below the auto-ignition temperature of methane, and an effective heated surface area too small for sustained combustion results in a safe flow measurement.
FLAME-PROOF & EXPLOSION-PROOF
Every facility operator has to understand the level of safety required for their processes. Kurz Instruments uses several testing laboratories to adhere to CSA, ATEX, and IECEx requirements for U.S., Canadian, and European compliance. Using third-party verification ensures Kurz devices meet explosion-proof and flame-proof safety requirements for a variety of environments that include combustible materials.
If given the right conditions, many types of dust and vapor have combustible properties, including:
- Grain in a grain elevator
- Sugar, flour, egg whites, powered milk, and rice in food production
- Rubber, plastics, and pharmaceuticals in chemical manufacturing
- Metal processing and recycling
- Coal-fired power plants
Because potentially flammable process conditions exist throughout industries, instrumentation must be designed so that ignition within these environments can never occur. Additionally, any instrument must be certified by a national laboratory to verify that it is safe to use in a potentially flammable environment.
The Kurz 454FTB-WGF has been CSA tested and certified to meet the requirements for the explosion-proof and flame-proof standard levels for use in Ex d IIB + H2 Gb, T4, or T3 for the sensor assembly and Ex d IIB + H2 Gb, T6, T4, T110C or T130C for the electronics assembly.